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Minerva Psichiatrica 2019 December;60(4):158-68

DOI: 10.23736/S0391-1772.19.02025-9

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Medical-psychological support of specialists’ professional activity in extreme conditions

Yuriy B. MELNYK 1 , Ihor I. PRYKHODKO 2, Anatoliy V. STADNIK 1

1 Department of Psychology and Pedagogy, National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine; 2 Scientific and Research Center of Service Military Activity, National Academy of National Guard of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine



BACKGROUND: The proposed model of medical-psychological support of specialists’ professional activity (Model), which is verified on military-men in extreme conditions. The aim of the study is to verify in practice the developed Model efficiency in providing complex psychological help for recovery to military-men’s mental health who were in extreme conditions.
METHODS: Psycho-diagnostic methods “Resistance to military mental traumatization” (RMMT). Medical research of clinical-psychological content and popularity of disorders by ICD-10. 3 groups of military-men of Ukrainian National Guard were tested: 2 experimental: (E1) that was influenced more by extreme conditions; (E2) that was influenced less, where the developed Model was implemented; and 1 control (C) that was in usual conditions. The military-men total number was 366.
RESULTS: The regularity of correlation between the influence level of extreme conditions and Model realization effect was revealed. In Group E1 there are better tendencies of RMMT indices, than in Group E2, unlike the indices of Group C where no substantial deviations were revealed. Statistical validity (Р≤0.05): Р=0.029 for Group Е1; Р=0.038 for Group Е2; Р=0.041 for Group C.
CONCLUSIONS: The developed Model has enabled estimating military-men’s mental health in various extreme conditions, revealing tendencies and realizing prevention of mental disorders negative development, and also has ensured their recovery.


KEY WORDS: Psychiatry; Psychology; Mental health

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