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Minerva Pediatrics 2021 Oct 14

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5276.21.06340-0

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The “Stay at home” COVID-19 lockdown restriction may have prevented asthma exacerbations in children affected by pollen allergy: a single center experience

Luca PECORARO 1, 2, Riccardo CASTAGNOLI 3, 4 , Claudia SALEMI 2, Giorgio PIACENTINI 5, Angelo PIETROBELLI 5, 6, Gian Luigi MARSEGLIA 3, 4

1 Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 2 Paediatric Clinic, ASST Mantua, Mantua, Italy; 3 Department of Pediatrics, Foundation IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 4 Department of Clinical, Surgical, Diagnostic and Pediatric Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 5 Pediatric Unit, Department of Surgical Sciences, Dentistry, Gynecology and Pediatrics, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 6 Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA


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BACKGROUND: The “Stay at home” COVID-19 lockdown restriction represented a “real-life experiment” of pollen avoidance for children affected by pollen allergy.
METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed all children with a known diagnosis of pollen-allergy asthma who attended the emergency department (ED) for an asthma exacerbations (AE) in the town of Mantua and its province in the period March 09-May 03 of the years 2018, 2019 and 2020.
RESULTS: In 2020, 4 (0.7%) children with a known diagnosis of pollen-allergy accessed the ED for an AE. Pediatric access was a total of 20 (0.5%) and 12 (0.3%) in 2018 and 2019 in the same period. The rate of hospitalization was 0 in 2020 versus 3 (15%) and 1 (8.3%) in 2018 and 2019, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The inevitable pollen avoidance during COVID-19 lockdown may have prevented asthma exacerbations in children affected by pollen allergy.


KEY WORDS: Pollen allergy; Asthma; Exacerbations; Covid-19 lockdown; Covid 19; Sars-cov2; Children

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