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Minerva Pediatrics 2021 Apr 16

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5276.21.06305-9

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Assessment of mean platelet volume and aortic intima media thickness in pediatric familial Mediterranean fever: as early markers of atherosclerosis

Zahide EKICI TEKIN 1 , Zeyneb YUCELER SENER 2, Nilgun SELCUK DURU 3, Murat ELEVLI 3

1 Department of Pediatric of Rheumatology, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey; 2 Department of Radiology, Karadeniz Eregli Hospital, Zonguldak, Turkey; 3 Department of Pediatrics, University of Health Sciences Haseki Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey


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OBJECTIVE: Familial Mediterranean fever is the most common auto-inflammatory disease in childhood. The aim of present study is to assess whether familial Mediterranean fever increases the risk of premature atherosclerosis.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a case-control prospective study. The study included 32 patients in attack-free period and 22 healthy children who did not have any chronic disease. Demographic features, clinical findings, response to colchicine therapy, Mediterranean Fever gene mutations were recorded in familial Mediterranean fever group. Mean platelet volume and intima-media thickness were evaluated as a possible marker of early onset atherosclerosis. Intima media thickness of abdominal aorta and common carotid arteries with color Doppler ultrasound, mean platelet volume and acute phase reactants were measured in both groups.
RESULTS: No significant difference was documented between the patient and control groups regarding the intima-media thickness (p>0, 05). Familial Mediterranean fever patients had significantly higher mean platelet volume values compared with the controls (8.35±1.0 vs. 7.79±0.78 fl, p=0.026). Intima media thickness and mean platelet volume values of familial Mediterranean fever patients were not correlated with lipid profiles, inflammatory markers.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study found out no evidence that intima media thickness of abdominal aorta and common carotid arteries in familial Mediterranean fever patients could predict early atherosclerosis. However, mean platelet volume value was found higher in children with familial Mediterranean fever. Mean platelet volume may be useful marker to show premature atherosclerosis in familial Mediterranean fever.


KEY WORDS: Atherosclerosis; Aortic intima-media thickness; Familial Mediterranean fever; Mean platelet volume

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