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Minerva Pediatrics 2022 April;74(2):213-21

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5276.19.05638-X


lingua: Inglese

Association between interleukin-1, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha polymorphisms and juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a meta-analysis

Jae Hyun JUNG 1, 2, Hongdeok SEOK 3, Cho Hee BANG 4, Cholhee KIM 5, Gwan Gyo SONG 1, 6, Sung Jae CHOI 1, 2

1 Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea; 2 Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan-si, South Korea; 3 Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Sahmyook Medical Center, Busan Adventist Hospital, Busan, South Korea; 4 Ewha Womans University College of Nursing, Seoul, South Korea; 5 Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Incheon National University, Incheon, South Korea; 6 Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Guro Korea University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

INTRODUCTION: In juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are associated with development and progression of JIA. We investigated whether IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α polymorphisms were associated with susceptibility to JIA.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A meta-analysis was conducted on the associations between IL-1α-899 C/T, IL-1β-511 C/T, IL-6-174 G/C, and TNF-α-308 G/A and -238 G/A polymorphisms, and JIA (PubMed and Embase).
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 27 studies involving 4678 JIA patients and 7634 controls were considered in the meta-analysis. There was no association between the IL-1α-899 C/T, IL-1β-511 C/T, IL-6-174 G/C, and TNF-α-308 G/A and -238 G/A polymorphisms, and JIA in allele contrast or any other genetic models. In subgroup analysis based on subtype, except for the dominant model of TNF-α-238 G/A, systemic JIA was not significantly associated with IL-6 and TNF-α polymorphisms. In Caucasians, the dominant and additive models of IL-1β-511 C/T were significantly associated with JIA (odds ratio [OR] 1.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-2.00, P=0.01; OR 1.46, 95% CI 1.05-2.03, P=0.02, respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis showed no association between IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α polymorphisms, and JIA, but the TT genotype of IL-1β -511 C/T was associated with higher prevalence of JIA in Caucasians.

KEY WORDS: Arthritis, juvenile; Disease susceptibility; Cytokines; Polymorphism, genetic

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