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Minerva Pediatrica 2019 Apr 05

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.19.05428-8

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Influence of prevention of caffeine citrate on cytokine profile and bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants with apnea

Chen KOU , Dong HAN, Zhaona LI, Wei WU, Zunjie LIU, Yanan ZHANG, Zhengping GAO

Intensive Care Unit, Department of Neonatal, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China


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BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the preventive effects of caffeine citrate on cytokine profile and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants with apnea.
METHODS: Preterm infants with apnea who were born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age and Birth weight≤1500 g were randomly divided into caffeine citrate prevention group and caffeine citrate treatment group. Preterm infants in caffeine citrate prevention group who were at risk of developing recurrent apnea were given to caffeine citrate within 8 h after birth. Those in caffeine citrate treatment group experienced apnea after birth were given to caffeine citrate for treatment. Preterm infants in both groups were treated with the same respiratory management and other conventional therapy. After drug discontinuation, levels of cytokine profile, and incidence of BPD were compared between two groups.
RESULTS: A total of fifty-six preterm infants were enrolled. Differences in gestational age (P=0.11) and birth weight (P=0.251) were not statistically significant. Differences in application time of caffeine citrate (P=0.356), hour of ventilator use (P=0.152), length of stay (P=0.416) and BPD morbidity (P=1.00) between two groups were not statistically significant. At birth, there were no statistically significant in levels of IL-6 (P=0.063) and IL-8 (P=0.125) between two groups. After conventional therapy, levels of IL-6 (P=0.001) and IL-8 (P=0.001) significantly decreased in caffeine citrate prevention group compared with those in caffeine citrate treatment group.
CONCLUSIONS: Prevention usage of caffeine citrate in preterm infants with apnea could reduce the level of cytokine profile and the incidence of BPD.


KEY WORDS: Caffeine citrate - Cytokine profile - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia - Prevention - Preterm infants - Apnea

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