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Minerva Pediatrica 2018 Apr 12

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.18.05036-3


lingua: Inglese

Qualitative and quantitative revaluation of specific learning disabilities: a multicentric study

Francesca F. OPERTO 1 , Roberta MAZZA 1, Maura BUTTIGLIONE 1, Francesco CRAIG 2, Alessandro FROLLI 3, Simone PISANO 4, Lucia MARGARI 1, Giangennaro COPPOLA 4

1 Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy; 2 Scientific Institute I.R.C.C.S. “Eugenio Medea” La Nostra Famiglia, Brindisi, Italy; 3 Disability Research Center, International University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 4 Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Medical School, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy


BACKGROUND: Specific learning disabilities are disorders that affect the instrumental skills of academic learning, leaving intact the general intellectual functioning. It is possible to distinguish: dyslexia, dysorthography, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia. The diagnosis is made according to DSMV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of Law N° 170 following a diagnosis of specific learning disabilities in children and their evolution over time.
METHODS: The sample under examination consists of 75 children, 56 males and 18 females aged 7,8 to 16 years, with a diagnosis of specific learning disabilities; a revaluation was carried outthrough the use of standardized instruments according to age and school attended. A twopart questionnaire was proposed: the first part turned to the parents/carers of the child and the second part turned to the boy himself. The improvement parameter has been linked, through a statistical analysis of univarianza with intelligence quotient, age, application of the law 10 October 2010 n 170, rehabilitative paths and attending afterschool program.
RESULTS: Most of the guys are followed at school by the application of the law 170 and, outside school, by attending speech and neuropsychological therapy and after school. Going to investigate the actual use of the measures put in place by the school, it is evident a partial and incomplete application of Law 170.
CONCLUSIONS: The most suitable measures for these children are pedagogical measures in order to make them integrate with the group class and strengthen their capacities through specific measures provided by a specific legislative decree.

KEY WORDS: Specific learning disabilities - Law 170 - Pedagogical measures

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