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Minerva Pediatrica 2017 Oct 25

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4946.17.04838-1


lingua: Inglese

The functional manual therapy intervention in infants with nonsynostotic plagiocephaly: a pilot study

Mariangela BILLI 1, Angelo GRECO 2, Paola COLONNELI 2, Giordana VOLPI 2, Donatella VALENTE 1, Giovanni GALEOTO 2

1 Department of Paediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy; 2 Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Rome, Italy


BACKGROUND: To document the evolution of cranial asymmetries in infants with signs of nonsynostotic occipital plagiocephaly (NSOP) who were undergo to many functional manual therapy treatments (in addition to the standard positioning recommendations) as well as to determine the feasibility of this methodology to conduct an outcome research investigating the impact of this intervention for infants with NSOP.
METHODS: Pilot clinical standardization project using pre-post design in which 10 infants participated. Nine infants presented an initial Oblique Diameter Difference Index (ODDI) over 104%, three an initial Ear Deviation Index (EDI) over 4%, and three a Cranial Proportional Index (CPI) over 90%. Interventions: Infants received three functional manual therapy treatments for week during the first month of intervention and two ones for week during the second month.
RESULTS: Plagiocephalometric measurememts were administered at the first assessment pre-intervention (T0), after 30 days (+/-5) (T1) and at a third time after 60 days (+/5) of treatment (T2). Results: 9/10 participants showed a significant decrease in ODDI under 104% between T0 and T2 assessments. 5/10 infants showed an EDI under 4%, and 3/10 showed a value about 0%. 3/10 maintained their CPI over 90% with a considerable decrease.
CONCLUSIONS: These clinical findings support the hypothesis that functional manual therapy treatments contribute to the improvement of cranial asymmetries in infants younger than 6.5 months old presenting with NSOP.

KEY WORDS: Plagiocephaly - Rehabilitation - Therapy

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