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Minerva Obstetrics and Gynecology 2021 Jul 30

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-606X.21.04886-7


lingua: Inglese

Systematic review and meta-analysis on placenta accreta spectrum disorders in twin pregnancies: risk factors, detection rate and histopathology

Raffaella DI GIROLAMO 1, Danilo BUCA 1, Carmen GALLIANI 1, Alice D’AMICO 1, Giuseppe CALÌ 2, Alessandro LUCIDI 1, Cosimo GIANNINI 3, Francesco CHIARELLI 3, Marco LIBERATI 1, Francesco D’ANTONIO 1

1 Center for Fetal Care and High-Risk Pregnancy, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chieti, Italy; 2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ospedali Riuniti, Villa Sofia Cervello, Palermo, Italy; 3 Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, Chieti, Italy


INTRODUCTION: the occurrence of PAS has been recently associated with the presence of twin pregnancy. Aim of this review is to report the risk factors, histopathological correlation, diagnostic accuracy of prenatal ultrasound and clinical outcome of twin pregnancies complicated by placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Pubmed, Embase, Cinahl, Clinical Trial.Gov and Google Scholar databases were searched. Inclusion criteria were studies on twin pregnancies complicated by PAS. The outcomes explored were risk factors for PAS (including placenta previa, prior uterine surgery or assisted reproductive technology, ART), histopathology (placenta accreta and increta/percreta), detection rate of prenatal ultrasound and clinical outcome, including need for blood transfusion, hysterectomy, emergency or scheduled cesarean delivery (CD), and maternal death. Random effect meta-analyses of proportions were sued to combine the data.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Two studies considering 103 pregnancies were included in this systematic review: 41.86% (95% CI 27.0-57.9) of twin pregnancies complicated by PAS disorders had a prior CD, 28.22% (95% CI 13.4-46.0) presented placenta previa and 58.14% (95% CI 42.1-73.0) of twin pregnancies were conceived by ART. 74.49% (95% CI 41.6-96.5) of PAS in twin pregnancies were placenta accreta, while 25.51% (95% CI 3.5-58.4) were placenta increta or percreta. Prenatal diagnosis of PAS in twin pregnancies was accomplished only in 27.91% (95% CI 15.3-43.7) of cases. Finally, only one study consistently reported the clinical outcome of PAS in twins. 31.67% (95% CI 20.3-45.0) of women required blood transfusion, 26.67% (95% CI 16.1- 39.7) had hysterectomy, while there was no case of maternal death. 44.19% of women had an emergency CD.
CONCLUSIONS: There is still limited evidence on the clinical course of PAS disorders in twin pregnancies. Placenta previa, prior uterine surgery (mainly CD), and ART are the most commonly risk factors for PAS disorders in twins. Prenatal diagnosis of PAS in twins is lower compared to what reported in singleton. Finally, about 30% of women with a twin pregnancy complicated by PAS required blood transfusion and hysterectomy.

KEY WORDS: PAS disorders; Twin gestation; Diagnostic accuracy; IVF; Detection rate of placenta accrete

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