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Minerva Medica 2020 Nov 18

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4806.20.07125-6


lingua: Inglese

Novelties of ultrasound imaging for endometrial cancer preoperative workup

Vito A. CAPOZZI 1, Andrea ROSATI 2, Valerio RUMOLO 2, Federico FERRARI 3, Giuseppe GULLO 4, Erbil KARAMAN 5 , Onur KARAASLAN 5, Latif HACIOĞLU 5

1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of Parma, University of Parma, Parma, Italy; 2 Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Women and Children's Health, A. Gemelli University Hospital and Institute for Research and Care, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Women's and Reproductive Health, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford, UK; 4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, AOOR Villa Sofia Cervello, IVF Public Center, Palermo, Italy; 5 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Yuzuncu Yıl University, Van, Turkey


INTRODUCTION: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most frequent gynecological cancer. Transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) plays a leading role in the pre-operative workup and often is the first diagnostic instrumental examination. Despite expert hands’ ultrasound is recommended to assess myometrial invasion in early stage EC, this method is a strictly operator-dependent examination, and varying degrees of sensitivity and specificity have been reported. The present review aims to provide an update of ultrasound imaging in the preoperative work-up for EC patients.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A double-blind search was performed from May to September 2020. The following keywords: 'ultrasound', 'transvaginal ultrasound', and 'endometrial cancer' were searched in Pubmed search engines, Scopus, and Web of Science. The Prisma statement was followed for the selection of the articles included.
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The initial search provided 958 studies, of which 11 were included in the analysis. Non-English articles, not relevant to the purposes of this study, case reports, and articles with fewer than 40 cases were excluded.
CONCLUSIONS: TVU sensitivity and specificity in myometrial infiltration and cervical invasion is comparable to MRI but has lower costs, greater patient tolerability, and does not require contrast agents. An expert operator should perform the ultrasound examination in patients with suspected EC The presence of myometrial lesions, such as leiomyomas, could lower the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound, so special attention should be paid to patients with concomitant uterine lesions.

KEY WORDS: Ultrasound; Transvaginal ultrasound; Endometrial cancer; Review

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