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REVIEW  ASTHMA AND SEVERE ASTHMA MANAGEMENT IN THE CLINICAL PRACTICE 

Minerva Medica 2021 October;112(5):564-72

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4806.20.07276-6

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Delivery and adherence with inhaled therapy in asthma

Martyn F. BIDDISCOMBE , Omar S. USMANI

National Heart and Lung Institute, Royal Brompton Hospital, Imperial College London, London, UK



The benefits of inhaled medication for the treatment of respiratory diseases are immense. Inhalers are unquestionably the most important medical devices for the treatment of asthma and in Europe today there are more than 230 different device and drug combinations of inhaled therapies many of which are available for the treatment of asthma. They are designed to alleviate the symptoms of asthma by controlling inflammation and minimizing exacerbations and are intended to be simple enough to operate by all patients regardless of their age and education. However, it is still a huge challenge for patients to use their inhaler correctly and consistently and achieving asthma control continues to be an elusive goal for most patients worldwide. The reality is that despite advances in the diagnosis of asthma, the availability of comprehensive asthma management guidelines and potent asthma medications combined with efficient delivery systems, uncontrolled disease is still linked to substantial morbidity and mortality. Despite the enormous benefits of delivering topically acting medication directly to the site of disease in the lungs adherence to treatment still remains one of the biggest challenges in asthma control. This current review looks at why patients have difficulty in using their inhalers and why adherence is so poor and how this may be improved through the use of innovation in inhaler design.


KEY WORDS: Nebulizers and vaporizers; Asthma; Compliance

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