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ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Minerva Forensic Medicine 2021 March;141(1):2-12

DOI: 10.23736/S2784-8922.21.01801-0

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Gambling prevalence in Italy: main findings of an epidemiological study in the Italian school population aged 14-17 years

Luisa MASTROBATTISTA 1 , Claudia MORTALI 1, Simona PICHINI 1, Roberta PACIFICI 1, Bruno GENETTI 2, Alessandra ANDREOTTI 2, Paolo VIAN 2, Adele MINUTILLO 1

1 National Center on Addiction and Doping, Istituto Superiore di Sanità (ISS), Rome, Italy; 2 Explora Center of Research and Statistical Analysis, Vigodarzere, Padua, Italy



BACKGROUND: The purpose of this epidemiological study (N.=15,602) was to estimate the prevalence and to describe the characteristics of Italian gamblers students. Data were collected from adolescents aged between 14 and 17 years. A survey based on an online questionnaire administered with computer assisted self-interview (CASI) methodology was carried out in 2017 with a response rate of 76.1%.
METHODS: The presence of gambling problems was assessed with South Oaks Gambling Screen, Revised for Adolescents (SOGS-RA). Information on participants socio-economic and demographic characteristics as well as their lifestyle, individual traits, gambling motivation, gambling behavior characteristics was collected.
RESULTS: Findings indicated that 29.2% Italians adolescents gambled at least once in the year before the survey, 3.0% met criteria for severe problem gambling, 3.5% for risk gambling and 22.7% for no problem gambling. Among 17-year-olds, problem gamblers were 3.7%, among 16-year-olds were 3.6%, among 15-year-old were 3.2% and among 14-year-olds were 1.6%.
CONCLUSIONS: Problem gamblers were mostly resident in Southern Italy (4.4%) and less concentrated in the North East (1.8%). Furthermore, the prevalence of problem gamblers was 4.8% among those who attended technical institutes. Male gender, geographical area, unhealthy lifestyle, attendance of technical institutes, friends with gambling problems were identified as the main risk factors for problem gamblers.


KEY WORDS: Gambling; Adolescent; Risk factors; Life style; Gambling

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