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Original Article   

Minerva Dental and Oral Science 2022 Aug 01

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6329.22.04712-X

Copyright © 2022 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Education during the COVID-19 pandemic: the perception of Italian dental and medical students

Francesca SPIRITO 1 , Alessandra AMATO 1, Giuseppe SCELZA 1, Massimo PISANO 1, Vito C. CAPONIO 2, Stefano MARTINA 1

1 Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry Scuola Medica Salernitana, University of Salerno, Baronissi, Salerno, Italy; 2 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Foggia, Foggia, Italy


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BACKGROUND: During COVID-19 pandemic many dental and medical students continued their education from home. From several studies it emerges that students prefer face-to-face teaching, due to the better interaction with teachers, the least number of distractions and due to the negative effect of social isolation on the psychological aspect. The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of Italian dentistry and medicine students about teaching and training in this scenario.
METHODS: Two online questionnaires were sent to medical and dental students of all Italian universities to investigate the limits and advantages of distance learning and the experience regarding the internship. A chi-square test was used to assess the association between gender, year of the course and region of residence (p < 0.05).
RESULTS: 1138 students answered the first survey, and 292 the second one. Most students preferred face-to-face teaching due to the difficult to maintain attention during online lessons. Many students reported that the online internship was not adequate for their education.
CONCLUSIONS: Distance learning disadvantages are the greater number of sources of distraction, low level of interaction, and absence of the relationship with the patient during the practical training. Furthermore, isolation has strongly affected psychosocial balance of the students. The advantages are the greater comfort, the reduction of transport costs, the decrease in pollution, and the possibility of reviewing the lessons. Most Italian students considered appropriate to provide distance learning during the pandemic but believed that the best teaching method was teaching in presence.


KEY WORDS: Covid-19; Dental students; Medical students; Survey; Distance learning

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