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Minerva Dental and Oral Science 2021 Dec 01

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6329.21.04632-5


lingua: Inglese

1 year impact of COVID-19 pandemic on Italian dental professionals: a cross-sectional survey

Gaetano PAOLONE 1 , Claudia MAZZITELLI 2, Sara FORMIGA 1, Francesco KAITSAS 3, Lorenzo BRESCHI 2, Annalisa MAZZONI 2, Giulia TETE 1, Elisabetta POLIZZI 4, Enrico GHERLONE 1, Giuseppe CANTATORE 1

1 Department of Dentistry, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital and Dental School, Vita-Salute University, Milan, Italy; 2 Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, DIBINEM, University of Bologna, Alma Mater Studiorum, Bologna, Italy; 3 Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy; 4 Center for Oral Hygiene and Prevention, Dental School, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and IRCCS San Raffaele, Milan, Italy


BACKGROUND: The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted the daily work of the dental professionals, assuming unprecedented economic, managerial, and psychological implications. The aim of this cross-sectional survey was to analyze the extent of the impact linked to the imposed working conditions on the Italian dental team.
METHODS: The survey was administered with a web-based form (Google Forms®) to Italian dentists and hygienists. To be enrolled in the study, participants had to reach the adulthood and agree to sign the privacy policy. The impact of Covid-19 was analyzed through a 27-items questionnaire, which was divided into 4 main domains: personal protective equipment (PPE), operative procedures, secretarial organization, and self-reported quality of life (including elearning appraisal).
RESULTS: A total of 614 between dentists and dental hygienists completed the questionnaire. Compared to the pre-pandemic period, the use of PPE such as face shields, surgical caps and disposable gowns were implemented after the Covid-19 outbreak. Almost the whole interviewed (99.9%) received the Covid-19 vaccine. An increased use of preoperatory mouthwashes and rubber dam was referred during the pandemic, while aerosolization (i.e. ultrasound) was drastically reduced. A certain number of respondents (30% dentists, 27% hygienists) suffered from work-related stresses during the pandemic until they desired to change jobs. E-learning was considered beneficial for the 70% of participants.
CONCLUSIONS: Covid-19 pandemic influenced dental professionals' life, leading to a rearrangement of professional, managerial, and cultural life for both dentists and hygienists even after 1 yr from the outbreak.

KEY WORDS: Covid-19; Dentist; Hygienist; Questionnaire; PPE; Aerosol; E-learning

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