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Minerva Dental and Oral Science 2022 June;71(3):155-62

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6329.21.04345-X

Copyright © 2021 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Effect of second-hand smoke on systemic, oral and psychological health of primary school children in Western Uttar Pradesh: a biochemical analysis

Preeti BHAGIA 1 , Ipseeta MENON 1, Anshi JAIN 2, Vikram ARORA 1, Jyoti GOYAL 3, Asifa AHRAF 1

1 ITS College of Dental Studies and Research, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Muradnagar-Ghaziabad, India; 2 ITS College of Dental Studies and Research, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Muradnagar-Ghaziabad, India; 3 National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory diseases, New Delhi, India



BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure causes several systemic problems like asthma, dental problems like caries and effects overall wellbeing. This study was conducted to study the impact of SHS on primary school children by associating it with dental caries, cotinine level, asthma severity and overall wellbeing.
METHODS: A case control study was conducted amongst 200 children (9-15 years old) that came to the Dental College in Muradnagar-Ghaziabad, India. Children who lived in smoking households were identified as SHS subjects-100 children and those who lived in nonsmoking households were identified as control group-100 children. Parents completed questionnaire regarding their smoking status. In children’s questionnaire severity of asthma was determined by using expert panel report (EPR3), dental caries was recorded by dmft Index and psychological assessment of children was done using WHO-5 Wellbeing Index. Collection of unstimulated saliva of children was done in sterile plastic tubes and cotinine level was measured using Enzyme-Linked-Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Students’ t-test and One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to analyze data.
RESULTS: Mean number of children suffering from asthma was higher in SHS subjects in comparison to control group i.e. 348.9±166.509 and 247.3±15.86 respectively. dmft and WHO wellbeing scores increased as level of cotinine increased. Mean cotinine level was higher in SHS subjects than control group i.e. 348.9±166.509 and 247.3±15.86 respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: SHS has an adverse impact on young children reflected by poor dmft scores and psychological wellbeing, increased cotinine levels and asthma severity in comparison to control group.


KEY WORDS: Tobacco smoke pollution; Dental caries; Saliva; Cotinine; Asthma

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