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Minerva Dental and Oral Science 2022 April;71(2):96-100

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-6329.20.04446-5

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Influence of SARS-CoV-2 lockdown on the incidence of facial trauma in a tertiary care hospital in Rome, Italy

Gianmarco SAPONARO , Giulio GASPARINI, Sandro PELO, Mattia TODARO, Davide SOVERINA, Giorgio BARBERA, Piero DONEDDU, Alessandro MORO

IRCCS A. Gemelli University Polyclinic Foundation, Sacred Heart Catholic University, Rome, Italy



BACKGROUND: Italy has been the first affected country in the western hemisphere by SARS-CoV-2 with over 200,000 cases during the first months of the pandemics. To control the spread of the virus, the whole country was placed under lockdown with limitations in the circulation of people and vehicles from March 2020 to the first half of the month of May.
METHODS: We aimed to analyze the incidence and type of facial traumas referred to our tertiary care hospital during the months of Italy lockdown due to SARS-CoV-2 spread compared with those during the same months of 2019 to determine eventual variations in the incidence, type and causes of trauma.
RESULTS: During the 2 months of COVID-19-related lockdown, a dramatic decrease in facial trauma patients was observed at our tertiary care hospital with a shift toward older age ranges. Regarding the causes of trauma, the largest percentage reduction was found in road, sports and work accidents; this percentage reduction was not found in aggressions.
CONCLUSIONS: A small increase in the percentage was also found regarding surgical indications, likely because more severe cases were more prone to be referred to the hospital despite the fear of being infected.


KEY WORDS: SARS-CoV-2; Facial nerve injuries; COVID-19

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