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Minerva Stomatologica 2020 June;69(3):141-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4970.20.04289-2


lingua: Inglese

Low-level laser therapy for neurosensory recovery after sagittal ramus osteotomy

Paulo ESTEVES PINTO FARIA 1 , Astrid TEMPRANO 2, Fábio PIVA 2, Eduardo SANT’ANA 3, Dênis PIMENTA 2

1 University of Ribeirao Preto (UNAERP), Ribeirao Preto, Brazil; 2 Private Practitioner, São Paulo, Brazil; 3 Department of Stomatology, Bauru Dental School, University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil

BACKGROUND: Dento-skeletal deformities are treated combining orthodontic treatment with orthognathic surgery. One of the techniques most used in this type of surgery is the sagittal osteotomy of the mandible. This technique offers many advantages, but within its disadvantages is the inferior alveolar nerve paresthesia. There are various treatments that aim to recovery of the nerve bundle, and one of them is low intensity laser treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of low intensity laser therapy in the recovery of neurosensorial tissues after mandibular sagittal osteotomy during orthognathic surgery.
METHODS: Twelve patients submitted to surgery, using mandibular sagittal osteotomy, were treated unilaterally with low intensity infrared (808 nm, GaAIAs active medium) laser, following the inferior alveolar nerve path. The other part of the mandible was treated by placebo. The parameters used were 100 mW of power, irradiancy of 3.6 W/cm2, 2.8J energy per point, an energy density of 100 J/cm2, 28 seconds at each point with a distance of 1.0 cm between points, two sessions per week with a minimum of 10 sessions, starting 48 hours after surgery. Mechanical evaluation was performed in first, fourth, seventh and tenth session.
RESULTS: Significant improvement on the treated side was observed. Comparing the behavior among the variables between the treatment (T) group and the control (C) group in the General Recovery was showed a tendency to better results in the T group when compared to the C group, with statistical difference (P≤0.05) after the 10th laser therapy session.
CONCLUSIONS: The treatment of neurosensorial disorders with infrared low intensity laser could be effective in accelerating recovery, providing greater comfort to the patient, and it presents advantages over other existing methods.

KEY WORDS: Laser therapy; Low-level light therapy; Paresthesia; Orthognathic surgery; Mandibular nerve; Dentofacial deformities

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