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Minerva Chirurgica 2020 December;75(6):419-25

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.20.08320-0

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Laparostomy and temporary abdominal closure outcomes in emergency non-trauma surgery and parameters affecting early definite primary fascial closure

Dimitrios ZOSIMAS 1 , Panagis M. LYKOUDIS 2, Bogdan IVANOV 1, Clive HEPWORTH 1

1 Department of General Surgery, Queen’s Hospital, Barking Havering and Redbridge University Hospital NHS Trust, Romford, UK; 2 Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, London, UK



BACKGROUND: The open abdomen or laparostomy is a great advance of surgery based on the concept of damage control surgery. Aim of the study is to review the laparostomy outcomes of non-trauma emergency surgery patients in a district general hospital and identify parameters affecting early definite primary fascial closure.
METHODS: The records of all non-trauma emergency surgical patients who underwent laparostomy in a three-year period in a single institute were studied retrospectively. Outcomes included length of stay, morbidity, mortality, readmission rates, number of re-look operations, rate of definite primary fascial closure and time to closure.
RESULTS: Thirty-two patients were included. Morbidity was 84.4% and mortality rates were 21.9% (in-hospital), 18.8% (30-day) and 46.9% (overall). Median length of hospital stay was 22 days. Rate of primary fascial closure was 87.5% and median time to closure was two days. The number of relook operations was the only independent prognostic factor of definite early primary fascial closure, with higher rates of closure in patients with 1-2 relooks.
CONCLUSIONS: Although the open abdomen has been demonstrated to improve survival, the precise role in abdominal sepsis has not been elucidated. Current consensus does not support use of open abdomen routinely, however in selected situations it becomes unavoidable. Laparostomy is a valid option in non-trauma emergency surgery and can be managed safely in a district hospital. High closure rates can be achieved if one or two re-look operations are performed with an early attempt for closure.


KEY WORDS: Laparotomy; Mortality; Morbidity

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