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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR ABDOMINAL WALL DEFECTS 

Minerva Chirurgica 2020 October;75(5):286-91

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.20.08463-1

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Chevrel technique for ventral incisional hernia. Is it still an effective procedure?

Giovanni ALEMANNO , Alessandro BRUSCINO, Jacopo MARTELLUCCI, Carlo BERGAMINI, Gherardo MALTINTI, Annamaria DI BELLA, Veronica IACOPINI, Alessio GIORDANO, Andrea VALERI, Paolo PROSPERI

Unit of Emergency Surgery, Emergency Department, Careggi University Hospital, Florence, Italy



BACKGROUND: Incisional hernia still represents the most frequent late complication of abdominal surgery. After a direct repair, in literature is reported a recurrence rate ranging from 31 to 49%, meanwhile after a prosthetic repair such values were much lower, with a recurrence rate up to 10%. The sites of prosthetic placement in the abdominal wall are premusculo-aponeurotic (onlay, or Chevrel technique), retromuscular-prefascial and preperitoneal (Rives technique, Stoppa technique), whereas intraperitoneal insertion can be done with open or laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate and late postoperative results in patients treated with a Chevrel technique for ventral incisional hernia.
METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on the medical records of patients undergoing ventral hernia repair between January 2008 and December 2018 at the Emergency Surgery Unit of the Careggi University Hospital in Florence.
RESULTS: Between January 2008 and December 2018 at the Emergency Surgery Unit of the Careggi University Hospital in Florence, 461 patients (245 male, 216 female) with a mean age of 61,52 years were submitted to ventral incisional hernia repair with a Chevrel technique. The mean operatory time was 95.29 min (±50.48) and in 72 patients (15.61%) human fibrin glue was vaporized under the mesh using a spray device. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 5 days and all drain tubes were removed after 7.1 days as mean (±4.3). No intraoperative mortality nor postoperative mortality was reported. In our experience the Chevrel technique for ventral incisional hernia show a recurrence rate (3.2%). Parietal complications observed were seroma in 7.1% of patients, hematoma in 4.7%, localized skin necrosis in 5.2%, surgical site infection in 6.7%, data comparable with the results reported in the other studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Most of the objections to the Chevrel procedure focus on the parietal complications and risk of infection. Chevrel procedure cannot be considered an obsolete intervention, in our series, results were very satisfactory in both immediate and late follow-up; moreover this technique is safe and easy to perform.


KEY WORDS: Herniorrhaphy; Incisional hernia; Surgery

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