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Minerva Chirurgica 2019 June;74(3):213-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.19.07883-0

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Complications of postlaparoscopic sleeve gastric resection: review of surgical technique

Antonio GIULIANI, Lucia ROMANO , Eleonora PAPALE, Ilaria PUCCICA, Marino DI FURIA, Andrea SALVATORELLI, Giovanni CIANCA, Mario SCHIETROMA, Gianfranco AMICUCCI

Department of Surgery, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy



BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become a very frequent procedure in bariatric surgery. Despite its simplicity, it can have serious complications. Among these, gastric leak is one of the most feared complications. Numerous intraoperative maneuvers have been suggested in an attempt to decrease the incidence of leak. In our center, we decided to study one of the intraoperative measures proposed, which consists in positioning the suture machine to 1.5 cm from His corner.
METHODS: This retrospective study reported 101 cases of LSG performed in our center from 2012 to 2017. The patients were divided into two groups, with comparable anthropometric parameters and comparable inclusion criteria. In the two groups the operative technique used was the same, except for a maneuver: in the second group, attention was paid to keep a distance from the angle of at least 1.5 cm.
RESULTS: On a total of 101 procedures performed, the overall complication rate was 4,95%. In group 1 the rate of gastric staple line leak was 6.78%. In group 2 the rate was 2.38%.
CONCLUSIONS: The analyzed surgical technique seems to decrease the risk of leak without significantly impacting weight loss, and we have noticed in our clinical experience a decrease in the incidence of fistula from the time this measure was adopted. Also the statistical analysis encourage the continuation of experimentation.


KEY WORDS: Bariatric surgery - Gastrectomy - Laparoscopy

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