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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  COLON SURGERY 

Minerva Chirurgica 2019 April;74(2):170-5

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4733.18.07951-8

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Structured training program in colorectal surgery: the robotic surgeon as a new paradigm

Giampaolo FORMISANO , Sofia ESPOSITO, Francesco CORATTI, Giuseppe GIULIANI, Adelona SALAJ, Paolo P. BIANCHI

Department of General and Minimally-Invasive Surgery, Misericordia Hospital, Grosseto, Italy



BACKGROUND: One major issue in general surgery is how to provide novice surgeons with a structured training program (STP). The aim of our study was to assess the efficacy of a STP in robotic colorectal surgery for young surgeons without prior experience in both open and laparoscopic colorectal surgery, who were autonomous in basic minimally-invasive surgical procedures. Right colectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis has been chosen as a model.
METHODS: Between May 2015 and December 2017 two junior attending surgeons were trained through a STP. Right colectomy was divided into three main learning modules (colonic mobilization, vascular control, intracorporeal anastomosis) and each one was carried out by the trainees for at least two times under direct supervision of the senior surgeon. After the initial robotic cases completely performed under formal proctoring, they were privileged to perform robotic right colectomy independently without a mentor (20 procedures). Operative time, conversion rate, intra- and postoperative complications, length of stay and pathological outcomes were the variables analyzed to assess the effectiveness of the STP.
RESULTS: The mean operative time was 200 minutes and no conversion was required. Neither intraoperative nor major postoperative complications were recorded and the mean length of hospital stay was 6 days. Mean nodal yield was 21.
CONCLUSIONS: A STP in robotic colorectal surgery is feasible and effective. Right colectomy represents a good model as first step of the program in order to develop multiple technical skills. Previous experience in open or laparoscopic colorectal surgery may not be necessary.


KEY WORDS: Robotics, surgery - Colectomy - Colorectal surgery

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