Home > Riviste > Minerva Cardiology and Angiology > Fascicoli precedenti > Minerva Cardiology and Angiology 2021 April;69(2) > Minerva Cardiology and Angiology 2021 April;69(2):222-6

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo
Share

 

SPECIAL ARTICLE   Freefree

Minerva Cardiology and Angiology 2021 April;69(2):222-6

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5683.20.05309-8

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

What about heart and mind in the COVID-19 era?

Marianna MAZZA 1 , Giuseppe MARANO 1, Barbara ANTONAZZO 2, Elena CAVARRETTA 3, Marco DI NICOLA 1, Luigi JANIRI 1, Gabriele SANI 1, Giacomo FRATI 3, Enrico ROMAGNOLI 4

1 Institute of Psychiatry and Psychology, Department of Geriatrics, Neuroscience and Orthopedics, IRCCS A. Gemelli University Polyclinic Foundation, Sacred Heart Catholic University, Rome, Italy; 2 Division of Geriatrics, Israelite Hospital, Rome, Italy; 3 Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, Sapienza University, Latina, Italy; 4 Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Sciences, Institute of Cardiology, IRCCS A. Gemelli University Polyclinic Foundation, Sacred Heart Catholic University, Rome, Italy



From the time of Hippocratic medicine, heart-brain interactions have been recognized and contributed to both mental and physical health. Heart-brain interactions are complex and multifaceted and appear to be bidirectional. Exposure to chronic and daily stressors such as quarantine, or severe psychological trauma like a significant person in danger of life can affect the cardiovascular system and the emotional experience of the individual, leading to an increased risk of developing a cardiovascular disease or mental illness. Subjects with comorbidities between mental disorders and heart diseases are obviously more susceptible to be influenced by emotional burden due to the spread of COVID-19, with emotional responses characterized by fear, panic, anger, frustration. Psychological services and crisis interventions are needed at an early stage to reduce anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in such a stressful period, with a special attention to special groups of patients, such as women, children, or the elderly.


KEY WORDS: Heart; COVID-19; Quarantine; Cardiovascular diseases; Depression; Anxiety

inizio pagina