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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2020 December;68(6):592-8

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05165-8


lingua: Inglese

Vascular access and radiation exposure during percutaneous coronary procedures

Alessandro SCIAHBASI 1 , Mario BABBARO 2, Pierpaolo CONFESSORE 1, Maria CERA 1, Cristian DI RUSSO 1, Roberto PATRIZI 1, Silvio FEDELE 1

1 Department of Interventional Cardiology, Sandro Pertini Hospital, ASL RM2, Rome, Italy, 2 Unit of Cardiology, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy

In the cardiology community, the use of transradial access for percutaneous coronary procedures is progressively increasing all around the world overtaking the use of transfemoral access. The advantages of the transradial access are based on a significant reduction in bleeding and vascular events compared to the femoral access and on a reduction in mortality in the setting of acute coronary syndromes. However, in recent years a slight but significant increase in radiation exposure for patients and operators associated with the radial approach has been detected, increasing concerns about possible long term increased stochastic risk. In particular interventional cardiologists are among physicians performing interventional procedures using X-rays, those exposed to the highest radiation dose during their activity and this exposure is not without possible long-term clinical consequences in term of deterministic and stochastic effects. All the operators should be aware of these risks and manage to reduce their radiation exposure. In this review we analysed the differences in term of radiation exposure comparing the radial and the femoral access for percutaneous coronary procedures. Then, we discussed the possible clinical consequences of these differences and finally we showed the available tools aimed to reduce the operator radiation exposure. In particular the use of adjunctive protective drapes placed on the patient might reduce operator radiation exposure in up to 81% of the dose.

KEY WORDS: Radiation; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Vascular access devices

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