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Minerva Cardioangiologica 2019 June;67(3):234-45

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4725.18.04770-9


lingua: Inglese

Could mechanical thrombectomy replace thrombolysis in the treatment of acute and subacute limb ischemia?

Frantisek STANEK 1, 2 , Radoslava OUHRABKOVA 2, David PROCHAZKA 2

1 Department of Cardiology, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; 2 Department of Radiology, District Hospital Kladno, Kladno, Czech Republic

Acute limb ischemia is a vascular emergency defined as a sudden decrease in limb perfusion associated with a risk of loss of viability of the affected extremity. Surgical treatment (Fogarty thromboembolectomy) is indicated only in suprainguinal occlusions. Other cases of acute and subacute limb ischemia should be managed percutaneously. Catheter-based treatment involves local thrombolysis and percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT). There are several devices in use for PMT; of them, the Rotarex system appears to be the most useful. There are no randomized studies comparing thrombolysis and PMT. Only indirect comparison is possible. The immediate and long-term results of PMT using the Rotarex device are probably more favorable than those following thrombolysis. Particularly for older and polymorbid patients, it may be significant that PMT, in comparison with thrombolysis, can restore blood flow faster and in one session; no contraindications for PMT in contrast to potentially life-threatening complications in thrombolysis exist, and there is also no need for observation in intensive care unit after PMT. Hospital stay after PMT is shorter. There is only one exception when thrombolysis cannot be replaced by Rotarex PMT - in the case of crural arteries involvement - due to the catheter size. In our opinion, PMT is superior to thrombolysis in the treatment of acute and subacute limb ischemia. Thrombolysis should be considered only in special cases, e.g. in crural arteries occlusions or in failure of mechanical thrombectomy.

KEY WORDS: Ischemia - Mechanical thrombolysis - Thrombectomy

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