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ORIGINAL ARTICLE  NOVELTIES IN CARDIAC SURGERY 

Minerva Cardioangiologica 2020 October;68(5):453-68

DOI: 10.23736/S0026-4725.20.05248-2

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Features of degenerative mitral valve prolapse in the North East of China: repair characteristics, and short-term follow-up results

Silvia CORONA 1, 2 , Paolo BARBIER 3, Guangyu LIU 3, Osafo A. ANNOH 3, Marcio SCORSIN 2, Stefano MORIGGIA 2, Massimo LEMMA 2

1 Department of Cardiac Surgery, Jilin Heart Hospital, Changchun, China; 2 Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 3 Department of Imaging, Jilin Heart Hospital, Changchun, China



BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients who underwent surgery for degenerative mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in our center, and its relation to outcomes.
METHODS: We enrolled 117 consecutive patients from North-East China with an echocardiographic diagnosis of MVP related mitral regurgitation (MR) between April 2018 and November 2019. A complexity scoring system was used for valve anatomy, and patients were re-evaluated at 3-6 months after surgery.
RESULTS: Most patients (57.3%) were 40-59 years old. Ejection fraction was <60% in one third, and pulmonary hypertension was present in 64.3% of operated patients. Etiology was myxomatous in 58.9%, with flail as main lesion. Leaflet involvement was posterior in 59.8% patients, anterior in 32.5%, bileaflet in 6%, and commissural in 25.6%. Lesion score was intermediate in >50% of patients, and myxomatous lesions scored higher compared to fibroelastic deficiency (FED). Degree of MR left atrial volume and estimated wedge pressure were significantly higher in intermediate and complex lesions. Repair was performed in 93/101 patients (95.8% success rate). No in-hospital major adverse events, nor deaths at follow-up were reported. Residual MR was ≤ mild in 86.7% of patients at follow-up and was associated with FED etiology and complex lesions.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to Western countries, in our sample of Chinese population degenerative severe MR occurred in younger patients. The MVP lesion characteristics are similar, can be accurately detected by non-invasive preoperative evaluation, allowing predictable results. Advanced tailored repair techniques allow excellent immediate and short-term results regardless of the underlying complexity.


KEY WORDS: Mitral valve prolapse; Echocardiography; Mitral valve annuloplasty

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