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Minerva Biotecnologica 2018 December;30(4):113-9

DOI: 10.23736/S1120-4826.18.02442-4

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Marine enzymes and their industrial and biotechnological applications

Kelly DUMORNÉ 1 , Rolord SEVERE 2

1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Sciences and Natural Resources, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile; 2 Agroecology and Food Sustainability Laboratory, Department of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile



Marine microorganisms are considered as a great source of biodiversity. The demand of marine enzymes is extensively and increasingly used in research and in various industries due to their diversity to survive under extreme conditions such as pH, temperature, light, atmospheric pressure, and the availability of nutrients. Despite the huge biodiversity and benefits present in marine enzymes, their biotechnology potentials remain largely unexplored. Marine enzymes can be produced and extracted from microorganisms, plants and animals using fermentation processes. Some enzymes produced by marine microorganisms have potential application in various productions such as pharmaceuticals, foods, textile, agricultural, chemical, and biomedical industries. They offer new opportunities for new line of research and future biotechnological applications. Marine microorganisms are considered as a source of enzymes with potential interest to various commercial industries and many researchers. In this mini review, an overview of enzymes was provided from marine microorganisms and their application in biotechnology.


KEY WORDS: Marine biology - Marine organisms - Enzymes - Biotechnology

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