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Minerva Anestesiologica 2018 August;84(8):898-906

DOI: 10.23736/S0375-9393.17.12298-4

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The safety and efficiency of a fast-track protocol for sleeve gastrectomy: a team approach

Sebastiaan J. VREESWIJK 1, Pim W. van RUTTE 1, Simon W. NIENHUIJS 2, R. Arthur BOUWMAN 3, J. Frans SMULDERS 2, Marc P. BUISE 4

1 Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands; 2 Department of Surgery, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands; 3 Department of Anesthesiology, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands; 4 Intensive Care Unit, Department of Anesthesiology, Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands



BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of morbid obese patients has led to increased numbers of bariatric procedures. Fast-track protocols are being developed to enhance the available resources, while maintaining a safe procedure. Reported results on safety merely apply to a mixed bariatric population. The objective was to evaluate safety and efficiency of the fast-track principles in patients undergoing sleeve gastrectomy.
METHODS: Retrospective observational study including patients undergoing primary sleeve gastrectomy at the Obesity Centre of the Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, the Netherlands. Conventional perioperative care (CC) (2008-2011) versus a fast-track protocol (FT) (2011-2013), using short-acting anesthetic agents, a multi-modal pain protocol to reduce opioids, and early mobilization. The main parameters for safety were intraoperative, early and late postoperative complications. Procedure time and hospital stay were used to evaluate efficiency.
RESULTS: This study included 805 patients, 494 patients were subjected to the conventional care and 318 patients to fast-track protocol. A reduction of median operation time from 60 (CC) to 40 minutes (FT) (P<0.001) and a reduction in median length of hospital stay from three to two days (P=0.001), with a significant reduction in early postoperative complications (9.9% [CC] vs. 5% [FT], P=0.016) was achieved. The amount of late complications was comparable for both groups (5.1% [CC] vs. 4.4% [FT] [P=0.738]).
CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of a fast-track protocol for sleeve gastrectomy is safe and efficient. It effectively reduces operation time and length of hospital stay, while improving postoperative outcome. This pleads for standard implementation of the fast-track protocol in sleeve gastrectomy.


KEY WORDS: Bariatric surgery - Gastrectomy - Safety - Complications - Anesthesia

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