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REVIEW  VISCERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE Editor’s choice • Free accessfree

International Angiology 2019 October;38(5):381-94

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.19.04194-4


lingua: Inglese

Visceral artery aneurysms: review on indications and current treatment strategies

Joel SOUSA 1, 2 , Diogo COSTA 1, Armando MANSILHA 1, 2

1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal; 2 Department of Angiology and Vascular Surgery, Hospital of S. João, Porto, Portugal

Visceral arterial aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms are rare entities. Despite infrequent, these lesions are clinically important and potentially lethal, since 22% present as clinical emergencies and 8.5% result in death. As such, early detection and treatment is essential. Through this work, we aim to address both visceral arterial aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms, with particular focus on their epidemiology, etiology and risk factors, as well as report current diagnostic workups and treatment strategies. A full literature review was performed through a comprehensive electronic search of PubMed databases, including articles published until the end of November 2018 and using the following keywords: “visceral aneurysm,” “pseudoaneurysm” and “endovascular treatment.” From this research, 2043 articles had their abstract assessed, 359 were read integrally, 213 were excluded for not being directly related to the subject and 146 were included, according to the authors preference and scientific relevance in this work’s context. Visceral arterial aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms have fairly similar clinical presentations and diagnostic workups. Differences reside mainly in their etiology and indications for treatment, since immediate treatment is recommended for pseudoaneurysms regardless of their size, while true aneurysms have specific treatment cutoffs. Despite a significant improvement on current diagnostic and treatment strategies, these lesions are still frequently diagnosed only upon rupture, with significant mortality rates. Endovascular strategies represent the first line of treatment on the majority of cases, although open surgery continues to play a role in specific conditions. Visceral arterial aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms are rare but potentially fatal and, as such, proper diagnosis and treatment is of capital importance. Due to its minimally invasive nature, endovascular therapies currently represent the standard of care in the majority of situations, although there are still solid indications for open surgery. Technique selection should be performed according to the clinical scenario and baseline anatomy.

KEY WORDS: Aneurysm, false; Endovascular procedures; Aorta, abdominal

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