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International Angiology 2019 June;38(3):250-5

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-9590.19.04124-5


lingua: Inglese

Treatment of pediatric vascular injuries: the experience of a single non-pediatric referral center

Miroslav D. MARKOVIC 1, 2 , Slobodan D. CVETKOVIC 1, 2, Igor B. KONCAR 1, 2, Marko V. DRAGAS 1, 2, Dragan M. MARKOVIC 1, 2, Biljana P. KUKIC 2, Ilija B. KUZMANOVIC 2, Andreja D. DIMIC 1, 2, Milos M. SLADOJEVIC 1, 2, Lazar B. DAVIDOVIC 1, 2

1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia; 2 Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia

BACKGROUND: Pediatric peripheral vascular trauma carries significant risk of complications including limb loss and long-term invalidity. Mechanisms and types of morphological lesions are very diverse. The objectives of this study are to present the experience of a single vascular center in the surgical approach to pediatric vascular injuries, and to analyze the main challenges related to this clinical entity.
METHODS: Over a period of 25 years, 17 pediatric peripheral vascular injuries were treated in our institution. Patient’s age ranged between one day (newborn) and 15 years (mean: 10.7 years). There were five injuries of upper and 12 injuries of the lower extremity. Preoperative diagnosis was established by clinical examination (N.=4), ultrasonography (N.=1) and angiography (N.=12). Blunt trauma mainly caused arterial thrombosis while penetrating trauma caused arterial laceration or complete transection. Five patients had associated orthopedic injuries (29,4%). There were two posttraumatic pseudoaneurysms and two arterio-venous fistulas.
RESULTS: There was no perioperative mortality. Vascular reconstructions included arterial suture (N.=4), thrombectomy + patch angioplasty (N.=1), termino-terminal anastomosis (N.=3), venous anatomic bypass (N.=6), PTFE graft reconstruction (N.=2), and venous extra-anatomic reconstruction (N.=1). Two patients had associated venous injury demanding both arterial and venous reconstruction. In the only case of war trauma treatment ended with limb loss. Other reconstructions presented good early and long-term patency.
CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric vascular injuries are extremely challenging issues. Treatment includes broad spectrum of different types of vascular reconstructions. It should be performed by vascular surgeon trained in open vascular treatment or pediatric surgeon with significant experience in vascular surgery.

KEY WORDS: Vascular system injuries; Pediatrics; Operative surgical procedures

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