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International Angiology 2016 October;35(5):477-83


lingua: Inglese

Risk factors for adverse outcomes after endovascular therapy for critical limb ischemia with tissue loss due to infrainguinal artery disease

Toshiya NISHIBE 1, Kiyohito YAMAMOTO 1, Kayo TOGUCHI 1, Yoshimasa SEIKE 1, Naoki ITO 2, Masayasu NISHIBE 2, Jun KOIZUMI 3, Alan DARDIK 4, Hitoshi OGINO 1

1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, Japan; 2 Department of Surgery, Eniwa Midorino Clinic, Hokkaido, Japan; 3 Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan; 4 Department of Vascular Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors for an adverse outcome after endovascular therapy (EVT) for critical limb ischemia (CLI) with tissue loss due to infrainguinal artery disease.
METHODS. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of patients with tissue loss (Rutherford class 5 and 6) due to infrainguinal artery disease who were managed with endovascular therapy (EVT) between January 2006 and December 2013. The primary endpoint was amputation-free survival (AFS), while the secondary endpoints were freedom from a major adverse limb event (MALE) plus perioperative (30 days) death (POD), limb salvage, and survival rates at one year. Multivariable perioperative predictors of AFS were identified using the stepwise Cox proportional hazards regression model.
RESULTS: A total of 65 patients underwent EVT for infrainguinal artery disease on 72 limbs. The technical success rate was 94% (68/72), while the clinical success was attained in 54 of 72 limbs (72%). The AFS, MALE + POD, limb salvage, and survival rates at one year were 76%, 86%, 91%, and 81%, respectively. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that major tissue loss classified as Rutherford class 6 (HR, 5.68; 95% CI, 2.29-14.13; P<0.05) was negatively associated with decreased AFS, while clinical success (HR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.11-0.60; P<0.05) was positively associated with increased AFS.
CONCLUSIONS: EVT resulted in an acceptable rate of AFS, MALE+POD, limb salvage, and survival. However, we must keep in mind that there are significant limitations to be considered for EVT in patients with major tissue loss, and that, even if revascularization could be successfully performed, a significant number of the treated limbs are still in a critical situation, such as major amputation or death.

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