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International Angiology 2016 April;35(2):192-7


lingua: Inglese

A survey on the status of the management of diabetic foot in the Mediterranean region

Konstantinos SPANOS 1, Vasileios LACHANAS 2, Christos KARATHANOS 1, Pavel POREDOS 3, Eman HUSSEIN 4, Athanasios D. GIANNOUKAS 1

1 Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Larissa, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece; 2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, University Hospital of Larissa, School of Health Sciences, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece; 3 Department for Vascular Diseases, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia; 4 Department of Vascular Surgery, King Fahd Hospital, Medina, Saudi Arabia


BACKGROUND: We conducted a survey in order to highlight the current trends in the management of diabetic foot among vascular specialists practicing in the Mediterranean region.
METHODS: A survey Monkey was conducted from December 2013 to November 2014, including 10 main questions on the management of diabetic foot patients. The questionnaire was sent to vascular specialists included in the current mailing list of the Mediterranean League of Angiology and Vascular Surgery. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used for statistical analysis.
RESULTS: The response rate was 37.5% (150/400) and 52.6% of them were practicing in a Tertiary hospital service. The diabetic foot patient management and most of the amputations were performed in Tertiary hospitals. Most responders were experienced vascular specialists (55.3%). In general specialists with high work volume performed more major amputations in diabetic patients as compared to PAD patients and adopted equally all types of interventions (open, endovascular and hybrid). In particular the most experienced specialists required more diagnostic investigations, performed more minor amputations and used endovascular approach as first line treatment in diabetic patients. A lack of multidisciplinary approach was demonstrated as referral to other specialties was suboptimal.
CONCLUSIONS: In the Mediterranean region, patients with diabetic foot are managed by the most experienced vascular physicians in Tertiary centers. Endovascular first approach seems to be the preferred strategy, but services were able to provide open as well as hybrid procedures. Finally, the multidisciplinary team approach has not been adopted as part of the standard care even in tertiary centers.

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