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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 November;180(11):753-7

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.21.04678-7


lingua: Inglese

The effect of consuming iron supplements and continuous running exercises on the increasing level of hemoglobin

Apri AGUS , Wilda WELLIS, Sepriadi SEPRIADI, Indri WULANDARI, Monica P. SARI

Negeri Padang University, Padang City, Indonesia

BACKGROUND: Low hemoglobin level is a problem which can affect students’ fitness and health condition. When students suffer from iron deficiency anemia, their physical endurance could decrease in performing daily activities either in academic or nonacademic environments. Iron deficiency can reduce hemoglobin levels in the blood, which if remain untreated, this condition could make students look pale and unmotivated. Other conditions which could be caused by iron deficiency anemia is the decrease in learning achievement, physical fitness and endurance. To increase hemoglobin levels, additional iron supplements such as Fe tablets accompanied with regular and programmed physical exercises are needed to increase hemoglobin levels.
METHODS: This study aims to determine the effect of consuming Iron (Fe) supplement, and continuous running or jogging exercises to increase hemoglobin (Hb) levels of undergraduate students in Sports Science Study Program Faculty of Sports Science Universitas Negeri Padang enrolled in 2016/2017 academic year. The population in this quasi-experimental study was 215 undergraduate students of FIK UNP Sports Science Study Program. Twenty students were chosen as sample for this study through purposive sampling technique. Data collection was conducted through measurement of hemoglobin levels in the pretest and posttest after the administration of Fe tablets for 18 treatments.
RESULTS: Data was analyzed using comparison test (t-test) at a significance level of 5%. This study found that the average hemoglobin level of respondents before receiving treatment was (14.18), whereas after treatment was (15.66). T-test revealed the value of tcalculated (3.80) > ttable (1.73).
CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant impact from consuming iron supplement accompanied with continuous running exercise to the increasing students’ hemoglobin (Hb) level in Sports Science Study Program at the Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Padang.

KEY WORDS: Iron; Running; Hemoglobins

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