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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 October;180(10):516-21

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04208-6

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Somatotypes and anthropometric characteristics of Serbian karate athletes from different weight categories

Nadja VUJACIC 1, Veljko VUKIĆEVIĆ 1, Damjan JAKSIC 1, Sandra VUJKOV 2, Dragan ATANASOV 3, Cristina CASALS 4, 5 , Patrik DRID 1, 6

1 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia; 2 College for Vocational Education of Preschool Teachers and Trainers, Subotica, Serbia; 3 Faculty of Sport, University Union-Nikola Tesla, Belgrade, Serbia; 4 MOVE-IT Research group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cadiz, Cadiz, Spain; 5 Biomedical Research and Innovation Institute of Cadiz (INiBICA) Research Unit, Puerta del Mar University Hospital, University of Cadiz, Cadiz, Spain; 6 Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Montenegro, Podgorica, Montenegro



BACKGROUND: Relatively little is known about the physical characteristics of elite karate athletes, especially of female athletes from different weight categories. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine somatotypes and anthropometric characteristics of Serbian karate athletes comparing by weight categories, both in males and females.
METHODS: A total of 119 senior athletes from the Karate federation of Serbia participated in this study (83 males, and 36 females) in five weight categories. Anthropometric variables were assessed, in competitive period, through skinfold thickness in order to calculate somatotypes.
RESULTS: The results of the present study showed that the higher body weight the karateka has, the higher body mass index (R2=0.64, P<0.001) and height (R2=0.70, P<0.001) presented. Moreover, male karate athletes of heavier categories showed lower ectomorphy (R2=-0.31, P=0.042); whereas female athletes presented higher anthropometric variability. Regarding somatotypes, most of the elite karate athletes presented a balanced-mesomorph type; male athletes had an ectomorphic trend especially in lighter categories, while female karate athletes of -50 kg, -61 kg, and -68 kg showed endomorph-mesomorph somatotype means.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight differences between weight categories in male karate athletes that occurred during the training and selection processes. However, female karate athletes have a higher variability in the anthropometric profile among competitive weight categories. Future research should attend to these differences in order to generate appropriate conclusions about the role of anthropometric characteristics in karate athletes.


KEY WORDS: Anthropometry; Body composition; Skinfold thickness; Sex; Martial arts

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