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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2021 July-August;180(7-8):363-9

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.20.04342-9

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Body image dissatisfaction of bodybuilder and active women

Victor H. PEREIRA FRANCO 1 , Michell VETORACCI VIANA 2, Almir DE FRANÇA FERRAZ 2, Katielly SANTANA 3, Michelle J. KOMMERS 3, Benedito ROBSON MONTEIRO DE ANDRADE 3, Rosilene ANDRADE SILVA RODRIGUES 3, Adalberto CORRÊA JR 3, Carlos A. FETT 3, Jorge R. PERROUT DE LIMA 4, Jefferson DA SILVA NOVAES 5

1 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical Education, University Castelo Branco, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; 2 Department of Physical Education, São Judas Tadeu University, São Paulo, Brazil; 3 Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Brazil; 4 Motor Evaluation Laboratory, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil; 5 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil



BACKGROUND: Dissatisfaction with the image, especially in aspects related to body weight, are predominantly present in women, level of dissatisfaction can lead to rejection of your image which is a self-acceptance process present in social groups of the population. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of body image satisfaction in women bodybuilders who practice physical activities of different levels. For this, the anthropometric measurements of 88 participating women were divided into three groups: bodybuilders, physical activity practitioners and undergraduate students in physical education.
METHODS: In order to analyze the level of body image satisfaction, the 15-figure Silhouette Scale of the protocol was used. Damascene, including the evaluation of the participants’ Body Mass Index, anthropometric measurements were taken. For the comparison of the three groups, analysis of variance was used as a factor for analysis of age and body size and the Kruskal-Wallis test for silhouette and dissatisfaction values.
RESULTS: It was found that there was no difference between the groups regarding current silhouette and dissatisfaction. There was a significant difference when comparing the current bodybuilder and bodybuilder silhouette option with the option of undergraduate students in physical education. Undergraduate students in physical education identified themselves with a smaller silhouette than women bodybuilders and bodybuilders. This is because bodybuilders and gym practitioners have higher hypertrophic volume than sedentary ones.
CONCLUSIONS: This result demonstrates that women evaluated the desired silhouettes with greater hypertrophic volume rather than thinner silhouettes, demonstrating a possible tendency for changes in female aesthetic patterns.


KEY WORDS: Body image; Body dissatisfaction; Muscles

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