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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 September;179(9):538-45

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04168-8

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Frequency and types of recreational physical activity determines static and dynamic stability

Quan F. GAN 1, Chai N. FOO 2, Ker W. CHOY 3, Chye W. YU 4 , Tint S. LWIN 5, Navajyothi DALAYI 6, Yi T. LIM 7

1 Preclinical Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, UTAR Sg Long Campus, Selangor, Malaysia; 2 Department of Population Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, UTAR Sg Long Campus, Selangor, Malaysia; 3 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Selangor, Malaysia; 4 Allied Health Faculty, AIMST University, Semeling, Malaysia; 5 Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, UTAR Sg Long Campus, Selangor, Malaysia; 6 Department of Anatomy, PUGSOM, Perdana University, Selangor, Malaysia; 7 Department of Nursing, Assunta Hospital, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia



BACKGROUND: As we progress into the fourth industrial revolution, the prevalence of physical inactivity which is a well-known risk factors to various chronic non-communicable diseases is in a rise. Despite that, little do we know about the association between physical activity and postural stability. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate the association of the frequency and types of recreational physical activity to static and dynamic stability among youth.
METHODS: Two hundred and sixteen healthy Malaysian youths aged between 15 to 24 years were recruited via convenient sampling. The youths were interviewed on the frequency and types of physical activity which they frequently performed followed by their static and dynamic stability being assessed using balance error scoring system (BESS) and star excursion balance test (SEBT) respectively. Effect sizes were used to measure the degree of association between the frequency and types of physical activity to BESS. A two-way MANOVA were conducted to measure the association between SEBT to the frequency and types of physical activity. All significant levels were set at a p-value of less than 0.05 and 0.01.
RESULTS: Our findings reported significant association between types of physical activity to BESS [F (5,197) =0.656, P=0.045] however there were no significant association between frequency of physical activity to BESS. The MANOVA results in the other hand revealed a significant main effect for sports frequency with SEBT (Wilks’ λ=0.831, F (24, 551.659)=1.515, P<0.05, partial η2=0.060). The interaction effect of types of sport and sports frequency also depicted a significant association with SEBT (Wilks’ λ=0.590, F (80, 1213.630)=1.316, P<0.05, partial η2=0.064). However, types of sport did not associate significantly with SEBT.
CONCLUSIONS: The types of physical activity affect static stability while frequency of physical activity affects dynamic stability.


KEY WORDS: Exercise; Sports; Adolescent; Young adult

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