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Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 June;179(6):404-11

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.19.04117-2

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The validation of the Thai version of the physical activity and leisure motivation scale using confirmatory factor analysis

Yee C. KUEH 1, Tirata BHASAVANIJA 2, Nurzulaikha ABDULLAH 1, Tony MORRIS 3, Garry KUAN 4, 5

1 Unit of Biostatistics and Research Methodology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Kelantan, Malaysia; 2 Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3 Institute of Health and Sport (IHES), Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia; 4 Exercise and Sport Science Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Kelantan, Malaysia; 5 Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, London, UK



BACKGROUND: The study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Thai version of the Physical Activity and Leisure Motivation Scale (PALMS-T), validated among the Thai-speaking population.
METHODS: With convenience sampling, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in five provinces across Thailand to evaluate the validity of PALMS-T. A total of 739 university students, aged 19.0 years old (SD=1.28) completed the PALMS-T. Standard forward and backward translation was employed in translating the English language PALMS to the Thai language. The data were analysed using Mplus 8 software by using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The hypothesised model consisted of eight factors and 40 items, where five items represented each factor.
RESULTS: Based on the CFA results, the hypothesised model resulted in a good fit to the data with acceptable levels of fit indices (RMSEA =0.061 (90% CI: 0.058, 0.063), CFI =0.921, TLI =0.907). The composite reliability was acceptable for all eight factors and ranged from 0.68 to 0.91.
CONCLUSIONS: The PALMS-T is the first validated Thai version in Thailand. The hypothesised measurement model of PALMS-T consisted of eight subscales, including all 40 items in the model, which was considered acceptable for the present Thai sample.


KEY WORDS: Exercise; Leisure activities; Motivation; Psychometrics

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