Home > Riviste > Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche > Fascicoli precedenti > Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 January-February;179(1-2) > Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 January-February;179(1-2):1-6

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

Opzioni di pubblicazione
eTOC
Per abbonarsi
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo
Share

 

ORIGINAL ARTICLE   

Gazzetta Medica Italiana - Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2020 January-February;179(1-2):1-6

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03955-4

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Relationship between aerobic fitness and cardiometabolic disease risk in South African children

Violet K. MOSELAKGOMO 1 , Abel L. TORIOLA 2, Sunday O. ONAGBIYE 3

1 Centre for Biokinetics, Recreation and Sports Science, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, South Africa; 2 Department of Sport, Rehabilitation and Dental Sciences, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa; 3 School of Public Health, University of the Western Cape, Cape Town, South Africa



BACKGROUND: This study investigated the relationship between the aerobic capacity (VO2 peak) and cardiometabolic disease (CMD) risk in South African children and adolescents.
METHODS: A total of 1361 (boys: N.= 678; girls: N.=683) primary school children (Mean age: 10.9±1.28 years), whose parents gave signed informed consent, participated in the study. Anthropometric (height, weight, circumference of the hip and waist), physiological [systolic blood pressure (SBP); diastolic blood pressure (DBP)], and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) [(20-meters Multistage Shuttle Run (MSR)] measurements were taken using standardised protocols. To examine the relationship between aerobic fitness and CMD risk factors, bivariate correlation analysis was undertaken.
RESULTS: Boys had significantly higher VO2peak (25.8±6.79) compared to girls (21.9±6.95) (P<0.05). There were low negative correlations between VO2peak and BMI (r=-0.054, P=0.04), WHR (r=-0.110, P<0.001) and WHtR (r=-0.055, P=0.041), while DBP (r=0.097, P<0.001) yielded low positive association. Multiple linear regression analyses also showed that BMI (β=-0.165, P=0.000), SBP (β=-0.066, P=0.03), DBP (β=0.132, P=0.000), WHR (β=-0.182, P=0.000), and WHtR (β=-0.118, P=0.012) significantly predicted VO2peak.
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiometabolic disease risks could be a significant predictor of aerobic fitness among South African children.


KEY WORDS: Oxygen consumption; Child; South Africa

inizio pagina