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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2018 March;177(3 Suppl 1):43-55

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.18.03779-8

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Integrative activity of the kickboxer’s body within modern sport training using biofeedback

Alexander ISAEV , Yuri ROMANOV, Vadim ERLIKH

Research Center for Sport Science, Institute of Sports, Tourism and Service, South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russia


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BACKGROUND: Modern system of kickboxing training includes gravity and ballistic exercising aimed to develop special endurance and comprises practices improving resistance to hypoxia and control assessments of condition using biofeedback (BFB). The objective of the research was to provide scientific justification of criteria of integrative activity of the kickboxer’s body within modern sport training system using biofeedback.
METHODS: The study involved 52 adult kickboxers (19-23 years old) of different sport ranks and 34 healthy men (21-28 years old) not engaged in sports. Aggregate assessment of body condition indicators in kickboxers at various levels of regulation was performed by the means of the following methods: electroneuromyography, stabilometry, electrocutaneous resistance measurement, cardiac rhythm study, estimation of “wellbeing, activity, mood”, Spielberger-Khanin anxiety test, Strelau’s temperament survey, ergospirometry, electroencephalography, complex analysis of the blood system, and discriminant analysis.
RESULTS: The conducted investigation cleared up mechanisms of integration, self-regulation of the functional state indicator in young kickboxers, segmentary (cardiac rhythm) and suprasegmentary (maximum and mean ENMG amplitude) components, peripheral components (electrocutaneous resistance), and psychophysiological characteristics (WAM (wellbeing, activity, mood), anxiety, muscle tone, HR, and blood pressure) within training units at the implementation of aggregate methods.
CONCLUSIONS: During the sport training macrocycles, functional system in athletes become more specific, mutually change, and obtain functions of mutual compensation of effector mechanisms. Features and level of self-regulation transferred into the functional system determine the integrative activity of the body as a whole in the context of reactivity of condition and fitness biorhythms. The important element of aggregate assessment algorithm is amplitude-frequency characteristics of ENMG, EEG, and coherence analysis of interhemispheric interactions in kickboxers of different ranks.


KEY WORDS: Boxing - Exercise - Electroencephalography

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