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Gazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche 2018 September;177(9):468-74

DOI: 10.23736/S0393-3660.17.03592-6

Copyright © 2017 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Effects of the lifestyle modification program to reduce serum lipoprotein(a) and other cardiovascular risk factors in Korean college women

Jae K. LEE 1, 2, Hoon KIM 3

1 Department of Leisure and Sports, Sahmyook University, Seoul, South Korea; 2 Institute for Behavior, Fitness and Medicine, Sahmyook University, Seoul, South Korea; 3 Department of Golf Industry, Daegu University, Gyeongsan, South Korea


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BACKGROUND: Multiple epidemiological and experimental studies suggested that higher serum lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) level has been associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease, but good treatment that can selectively reduce this adverse lipoprotein was not yet reported. Thus, The purpose of this study was to test whether lifestyle modification program including exercise and vegetarian diet can reduce serum lipoprotein(a) level and other cardiovascular risk factors in Korean college women.
METHODS: A total of 39 female students were recruited in this study, and they were randomly divided into 2 groups; control (N.=16) and intervention (N.=23). In the case of intervention group, the lifestyle modification program was included in exercise and vegetarian diet in order to improve serum Lp(a) level and other cardiovascular risk factors, and control group has been feely living without any control. Also, several clinical parameters were measured before and after the study program.
RESULTS: The intervention group were significantly improved in various cardiovascular risk factors such as weigh, BMI, serum glucose, TG, TC and LDL-cholesterol levels, meaning the useful health promoting effect of this study program (P<0.05), but there was no significant change in serum Lp(a) level between control and intervention groups, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: Through the data from our study, further studies will be needed to develop more useful study program to reduce selectively serum Lp(a) level as a cardiovascular risk factor.


KEY WORDS: Body composition - Life style - Lipoprotein(a)

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