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Original Article   

Minerva Gastroenterology 2022 Jul 29

DOI: 10.23736/S2724-5985.22.03253-3


lingua: Inglese

Alcohol, smoke, cannabis, new psychoactive substances, non-prescribed drugs consumption among school student in an area of nord-west of Italy

Patrizia BALBINOT 1, 2, Rinaldo PELLICANO 3, Gianni TESTINO 1, 2

1 Unit of Addiction and Hepatology/ Alcohological Regional Centre, ASL3 Liguria, c/o Polyclinic San Martino Hospital, Genova, Italy; 2 Centro Studi Mutual-Self-Help, Community Programs and Caregiver Training, ASL3 Liguria, Genova, Italy; 3 Unit of Gastroenterology, Molinette Hospital, Torino, Italy


INTRODUCTION: Alcohol and/ or substance use disorders are known to be a significant phenomenon in the Western world. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the consumption of alcohol, cigarette smoking, cannabis, new psychoactice substances (NSP)/ non prescribed drug (NPD) in a student population in the northwest of Italy (metropolitan area of Genoa).
METHODS: Fourteen Comprehensive Schools in the metroplitan area of Genoa (Italy) have requested to participate in the Education for Correct Lifestyles meetings (from December 16, 2021 to May 30, 2022). Before each meeting, a meeting was held with the reference teachers. 3805 students aged 9 to 17 were involved. The Group was divided by age group: 9-11, 12-13, 14-15 and 16-17 years. Before the lesson, the students were given a questionnaire relating to various topics related to lifestyle or resulting from an incorrect lifestyle (alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, cannabis, NPS/ NPD, psychological path). The questionnaire was anonymous and was approved by the teachers in the preparation phase of the meeting.
RESULTS: Logistic regression analysis found that cannabis use in the age of 14-15 increases the risk of consuming NPD/ NPD by more than 26 times (odd ratio 26.3012; 95% CI 15.9656 to 43.3275; p <0.0001). In the age of 16-17, this risk increases approximately 14 times (odd ratio 14.0625; 95% CI 6.1729 to 32.0360; p <0.0001). In the age of 14-15 years, cannabis consumption, alcohol consumption > 2 alcoholic units (AUs)/day, NPD increases the probability of the need for a psychological path (cannabis: odd ratio 14.0254, 95% CI 10.9-17.9, p <0.0001; alcohol: odd ratio 3.68, 95% CI 3-4.4, p <0.0001; NPS/ NPD: odd ratio 20.98, 16.4-38.4, p <0.0001). In the age of 14-15 and 16-17 years, respectively, 53% (95% CI 50-58%) and 68% (95% CI 66-71%) of students declared that they had neither the parents nor the psychologist of having used alcohol and/ or substances.
CONCLUSIONS: These data should be useful to policy makers to implement prevention and health promotion policies through teaching (Education for Correct Lifestyles) to be permanently included in school programs and to be recognized in the curricular path.

KEY WORDS: Lifestyle; Adolescent; School

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