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SYSTEMATIC REVIEW   Open accessopen access

European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2022 October;58(5):666-74

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.22.07510-4

Copyright © 2022 THE AUTHORS

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license which allows users to copy and distribute the manuscript, as long as this is not done for commercial purposes and further does not permit distribution of the manuscript if it is changed or edited in any way, and as long as the user gives appropriate credits to the original author(s) and the source (with a link to the formal publication through the relevant DOI) and provides a link to the license.

lingua: Inglese

Predictors of functional outcomes in adults with brain tumor undergoing rehabilitation treatment: a systematic review

Anna PIECZYŃSKA 1, 2 , Agnieszka PILARSKA 2, Katarzyna HOJAN 1, 2

1 Department of Occupational Therapy, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland; 2 Department of Rehabilitation, Greater Poland Cancer Centre, Poznan, Poland

INTRODUCTION: The number of diagnosed brain tumors (BT) has increased in recent years. The results of treatment of patients with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are also improving and their survival rate has increased significantly. Symptoms of the disease and side effects of oncological treatment may reduce the functional performance of patients. It is so important to conduct rehabilitation in this group of patients. The aim of this systematic review is to identify predictors of effective rehabilitation in aspects of physical functioning of BT patients. The study was registered with health and social care, welfare, public health, education, crime, justice and international development departments, where there is a health-related interest outcome PROSPERO. We have received registration number is: CRD42021269398.
EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: To find relevant publications, the algorithm of keywords (“brain tumor”) AND (rehabilitation OR “physical activity” OR exercise OR “physical therapy”) was used. The search was conducted in PubMed, Web of Science, PEDro, ClinicalTrials.gov and Cochrane Library. Information was extracted using the PICO format (i.e., participants, intervention, comparison, outcomes).
EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: the initial search identified a total of 1122 results, and 21 articles met the criteria and were selected for analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results present that rehabilitation is an important and safe cancer encouraging therapy, brings functional benefits. The type of rehabilitation program, especially in BT patients, depends on many factors such as time and type of oncological treatment, general conditions which is strongly related to the general functioning of the patient. It still is a need for clinical research into the safety and effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions already during radio or chemotherapy in this group of cancer patients.

KEY WORDS: Brain neoplasms; Neoplams; Rehabilitation; Occupational therapy; Exercise; Neoplasms

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