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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2020 December;56(6):780-6

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.20.06347-9

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Examination of independent predictors of discharge disposition in acute phase hospitalized heart failure patients undergoing phase I cardiac rehabilitation

Junichi YOKOTA 1, 2 , Ren TAKAHASHI 2, Yuko MATSUKAWA 2, Keisuke MATSUSHIMA 2

1 Division of Comprehensive Rehabilitation Sciences, Hirosaki University Graduated School of Health Sciences, Hirosaki, Japan; 2 Department of Rehabilitation, National Hospital Organization Sendai Medical Center, Sendai, Japan



BACKGROUND: Increasing acute heart failure (HF) population is very common. Discharge disposition is one of the major cardiac rehabilitation (CR) outcomes. However, there were few data exist on home discharge criteria in acute phase HF patients who were underwent CR.
AIM: The aim of this study was to clarify the predictors of home discharge in acute phase hospitalized HF patients who were underwent guideline-based CR.
DESIGN: The study was designed as an intervention study.
SETTING: This study took place in acute-hospital setting.
POPULATION: Participants were 320 hospitalized acute phase HF patients who were underwent Japanese guideline-based CR.
METHODS: Knee extension strength (KES), exercise tolerance, short physical performance battery (SPPB), Barthel Index (BI), mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and controlling nutritional status (CONUT) were evaluated on hospital admission and at hospital discharge, respectively. At hospital discharge, patients were divided into the home group (N.=255) and the non-home group (N.=65) based on discharge disposition. The independent predictors of home discharge and cut-off value were evaluated using logistic regression analysis and receiver operating curve.
RESULTS: At the time of hospital admission, KES, exercise tolerance, SPPB, BI and MMSE is significantly higher in the home group. However, there were no significant differences in HF severity and CONUT on hospital admission between the groups. At hospital discharge, KES, exercise tolerance, SPPB, BI and MMSE were significantly higher and CONUT was significantly lower in the home group than in the non-home group. Multivariate analysis showed KES and SPPB on hospital admission, length of hospital stay and BI at hospital discharge were the independent predictors of home discharge. Cut-off values for predicting home discharge were KES on hospital admission ≥12.1 kg, SPPB on hospital admission ≥3 points, and BI at hospital discharge ≥80 points.
CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggested that KES and SPPB on hospital admission may contributed to early detection of the patients who are difficult to return home. Additionally, there is a possibility that CR goal setting of BI ≥80 points is effective to home discharge in acute phase hospitalized HF patients.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: This study may contribute to early detection of the patients who are predicted to be difficult to return home and to appropriate rehabilitation goals setting.


KEY WORDS: Heart failure; Cardiac rehabilitation; Patient discharge

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