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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2019 December;55(6):852-61

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.19.05845-3


lingua: Inglese

From movement to action: a new framework for cerebral palsy

Adriano FERRARI 1, 2

1 Full Professor of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, CHIMOMO Department, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy; 2 UDGEE Mother-Child Department, S. Maria Nuova Hospital, IRCCS AUSL Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy

The interpretation of cerebral palsy (CP) is closely linked to points of view that are no longer acceptable: 1) the idea that it is primarily a motor problem (posture and movement disorder); 2) the idea that it is only a central (cerebral) pathology; 3) the idea that it is a non-progressive disease (fixed encephalopathy). Actually, the problems that contribute to producing the CP clinical picture are several and complex. First of all, building of the action, starting from subject motivation, through motor imagery and subsequent project elaboration. Sequentially, executive planning, disorder often hidden under the most remarkable alteration of motor patterns and muscle tone. Finally, realization, conditioned by the idea that the locomotor apparatus is only and always the victim of an incapable central nervous system. Little known and very neglected perceptive components can contribute to compromising subject motor control. The influences that primitive changes of musculoskeletal system, often depending on site, nature, size and time of the lesion, exert on the possible choices of the central nervous system are often overlooked. Peripheral structures can in fact modify considerably the expression of palsy (understood as the form of adaptive functions) primitively. At least six different sources of error can be identified in the cerebral palsied child. For a rehabilitative intervention with greater possibilities of effectiveness, it is necessary to recognize and evaluate each of them. Especially as regards the prevention of secondary deformities, the responsibility attributed to physiotherapy must be re-evaluated.

KEY WORDS: Cerebral palsy; Posture; Perception

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