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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2018 December;54(6):880-9

DOI: 10.23736/S1973-9087.18.05005-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Spinal manipulation plus laser therapy versus laser therapy alone in the treatment of chronic non-specific low back pain: a randomized controlled study

Gopal NAMBI 1 , Walid KAMAL 1, Shanmugananth ES 2, Siddhart JOSHI 3, Parth TRIVEDI 4

1 Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdul Aziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia; 2 Saveetha Physiotherapy College, Chennai, Tamilnad, India; 3 Lok Jagruti Institute of Physiotherapy, Gujarat, India; 4 Chanchalben Mafatlal Patel College of Physiotherapy, Gujarat, India



BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder causing pain and disability in most of the countries. In recent years, new approaches such as Spinal manipulation and laser therapy have been considered as an alternative to conventional exercise and also found contradicting results in terms of its effectiveness.
AIM: A study to compare the combined effects of spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise versus Laser and exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain (cnLBP).
DESIGN: Randomized control study.
SETTING: Subjects with cnLBP were treated with spinal manipulation, Laser and exercise in outpatient department for four weeks.
POPULATION: Three hundred and thirty subjects who fulfilled the selection criteria were randomized (1:1:1 ratio) into SM-LT-CE (N.=110), LT-CE (N.=110) and control group (N.=110).
METHODS: The outcome measurements were Visual Analog Scale (VAS), Modified Modified Schober Test (MMST) Roland and Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), Physical Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Health Related Quality of Life-4 (HRQOL-4). Baseline and follow-up measurements were measured at 4 weeks, 6 and 12 months by a blinded investigator.
RESULTS: Three hundred and twenty-six subjects completed the intervention and 304 completed the 12-month follow-up. Demographic variables show homogeneity between the groups and ANOVA analyses showed significant improvement (P<0.001) in pain reduction (VAS), flexion range of motion (MMST), functional disability (RMDQ), depression status (PHQ-9), and quality of life (HRQOL-4) in SM-LT-CE group compared to the other two groups at one-year follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Spinal manipulation combined with laser therapy and conventional exercise is more effective than laser therapy and conventional exercise alone in chronic non-specific low back pain.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Spinal manipulation is an adjuvant intervention and it can be applied in every day clinical practice.


KEY WORDS: Spinal manipulation - Low back pain - Visual Analog Scale - Articular range of motion - Disability evaluation

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