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European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine 2015 June;51(3):239-43


lingua: Inglese

Contributing to the growth of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM): call for a Cochrane Field in PRM

Negrini S. 1, 2, Kiekens C. 3, Meerpohl J. J. 4, Thomson D. 5, Zampolini M. 6, Christodoulou N. 7, Delarque A. 8, Gutenbrunner C. 9, Michail X. 10

1 Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; 2 IRCCS Fondazione Don Gnocchi, Milan, Italy; 3 Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, Belgium; 4 German Cochrane Center, Medical Center, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany; 5 Cochrane Child Health Field, Department of Pediatrics University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; 6 USL Umbria 2, Department of the Rehabilitation, Foligno Hospital, Foligno, Perugia, Italy; 7 UEMS Section of PRM, European University Cyprus Medical School, Nicosia, Cyprus; 8 Department de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation CHU Timone, Marseille, France; 9 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany; 10 European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Paiania, Greece


The European Society of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (ESPRM), together with the European Journal of PRM and the PRM Section and Board of the European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS), started an action to establish a relationship with Cochrane (formerly the Cochrane Collaboration). Cochrane is a global, independent network of researchers, professionals, patients, carers and people interested in health, with contributors from more than 130 countries. Its aim is to produce credible, accessible health information that is free from any conflicts of interest. Cochrane produces the Cochrane Library, an evidence-based resource that includes today more than 6300 Cochrane systematic reviews. Cochrane is made up of many different review groups and other entities (such as Centres and Branches), distributed around the world, that are mainly focused on specific healthcare problems (diseases, or organs). Inside Cochrane also Fields have been created, that focus on a dimension of health care other than a specific healthcare problem. A Cochrane Field represents a bridge between Cochrane and the stakeholders of the related healthcare area. The medical specialty of PRM is covering a broad medical domain: it deals with function, activities and participation in a large number of health conditions, mostly but not exclusively musculoskeletal, neurological and cardiorespiratory. Consequently, the currently more than 200 existing Cochrane Reviews are scattered among different groups. A PRM Field could greatly serve to the need of the specialty, spreading the actual Cochrane knowledge, focusing needs today not covered by Cochrane Reviews, facing the intrinsic methodological problems of the specialty. This paper introduces a call for the development of a PRM Cochrane Field, briefly reviewing what Cochrane is and how it is organized, defining the value and identifying a pathway toward the development of a PRM Cochrane Field, and finally shortly reviewing the Cochrane reviews of PRM interest.

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