Home > Riviste > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia > Fascicoli precedenti > Articles online first > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2020 Nov 12

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi PROMO
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo

 

 

Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2020 Nov 12

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.20.06699-7

Copyright © 2020 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Role of occupational and recreational sun exposure as a risk factor for keratinocytic non-melanoma skin cancers: an Italian multicentre case-control study

Rosella GALLO 1, Fabrizio GUARNERI 2 , Monica CORAZZA 3, Donatella SCHENA 4, Luca STINGENI 5, Caterina FOTI 6, Cataldo PATRUNO 7, Alessio SIGNORI 8, Aurora PARODI 1, SIDAPA Study Group on NMSC

1 Section of Dermatology, DISSAL - University of Genoa, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino, Genoa, Italy; 2 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine - Dermatology, University of Messina, Messina, Italy; 3 Section of Dermatology, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy; 4 Section of Dermatology and Venereology, Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; 5 Section of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy; 6 Department of Biomedical Sciences and Human Oncology, Section of Dermatology, Aldo Moro University of Bari, Bari, Italy; 7 Section of Dermatology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy; 8 Department of Health Sciences - Section of Biostatistics, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy


PDF


BACKGROUND: Sun exposure is the main external risk factor for keratinocytic non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Outdoor workers are at increased risk but the relationship of NMSC with occupational solar exposure is often confounded by concurrent recreational sun exposure. We compared the percentage of outdoor workers in NMSC patients versus controls without history of NMSC and assessed occupational and recreational sun exposure in both groups, evaluating also other risk factors and use of protective measures.
METHODS: Adult NMSC patients and controls without history of NMSC or actinic keratoses, matched for sex and age range, were recruited in Dermatology Departments of seven Italian University Hospitals, with a 1:2 patient/control ratio whenever possible. Data were collected using specifically designed questionnaires.
RESULTS: 834 patients and 1563 controls were enrolled. History of outdoor work was significantly (p=0.033) more frequent in patients. Patients were more sun exposed from outdoor leisure activities (p=0.012) and sunbathed for longer periods (p=0.13) and between 12 pm and 3.30 pm (p=0.011). Cumulative sun exposure during hobbies was similar between patients and controls in outdoor workers, higher (p<0.05) in patients among indoor workers. Patients and controls with history of outdoor work were more sun exposed at work than during leisure activities (p<0.001). Use of sunscreens by outdoor workers was very low, particularly at work (19.9%). Patients used sunscreens more than controls (p=0.002).
CONCLUSIONS: Occupational and recreational sun exposure are relev ant risk factors for outdoor and indoor workers respectively. Sunscreens are alarmingly underused, particularly at work, and are used mainly by patients.


KEY WORDS: Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC); Occupational sun exposure; Recreational sun exposure; Risk factors; Occupational diseases; Photoprotection

inizio pagina