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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 Jan 08

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.18.05920-5

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

What Italians think about acne: results of a survey on 2.327 patients and 2.327 mothers

Simona TAVECCHIO , Mauro BARBARESCHI, Stefano VERALDI

Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy


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BACKGROUND: The psychological impact of acne is comparable to that experienced by patients with severe diseases; however, most of the people does not consider acne as a true disease. We evaluated beliefs, sources of information and knowledge about acne in Italian adolescents and their mothers.
METHODS: This survey was carried out in 2.327 acne patients and their mothers (=4.654 subjects) by means of a self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on ten questions: seven questions for the patients and three questions for their mothers.
RESULTS: All the 2.327 patients and their mothers completed the survey. Approximately 75% of patients declared that acne has a negative influence on their self-esteem and relationships; furthermore, 87% of patients stated that acne limits their social life. Finally, 65% of patients declared that they are under treatment, but only in 20% of cases the treatment was prescribed by a dermatologist. The mothers considered pollution, wrong diet and hyperseborrhoea as the most important aetiological factors. They considered the treatment suggested by a cosmetologist and contraceptive pill as the best one; only 8% of mothers reported that they regularly took their children to the dermatologist.
CONCLUSIONS: In order to improve the treatment and the quality of life in acne patients, there is a need to improve awareness about this disease and its causes and to highlight the role and importance of dermatologists.


KEY WORDS: Acne - Quality of life - Self-esteem - Dermatologist

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