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GIORNALE ITALIANO DI DERMATOLOGIA E VENEREOLOGIA

Rivista di Dermatologia e Malattie Sessualmente Trasmesse


Official Journal of the Italian Society of Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2016 Dec 16

Copyright © 2016 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

A new treatment regimen with permethrin in scabies

Stefano VERALDI 1, Paolo DE MICHELI 2, Rossana SCHIANCHI 3, Paolo PONTINI 4

1 Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, I.R.C.C.S. Foundation, Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy; 2 Centro Studi e Ricerche Terme di Comano, Comano, Italy; 3 European Institute of Dermatology, Milan, Italy; 4 Postgraduate School of Dermatology and Venereology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy


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BACKGROUND: Topical permethrin, applied once daily, is considered as the most effective treatment in scabies.
METHODS: Eighty-nine adult immunocompetent patients with scabies were treated with 5% permethrin cream: 42 patients were treated with a single application/day (group I); 47 patients were treated with one application/day for two consecutive days (group II). Clinical diagnosis of scabies was confirmed by microscopical examinations. The cream was stored in refrigerator and applied cold on the entire skin surface. The cream was left on the skin for 24 hours. No other topical or systemic drugs were allowed, except for a cleanser with chlorhexidine. The treatment was repeated in all patients 7-10 days later. Follow up length was two months after the end of the treatment.
RESULTS: Twenty-one patients (61.8%) in the group I and 34 patients (87.2%) in the group II were considered recovered both clinically and microscopically. Three patients (7.1%) in the group I and 4 patients (10.2%) in the group II developed a mild irritant contact dermatitis. During follow-up, three patients (7.1%) in the group I and two patients (4.2%) in the group II developed a recurrence or a re-infestation.
CONCLUSIONS: Five per cent permethrin, when applied as cold cream, on the entire skin surface, once daily for two consecutive days, is more effective than the single application in adult immunocompetent patients with scabies.


KEY WORDS: Permethrin – Scabies

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Veraldi S, De Micheli P, Schianchi R, Pontini P. A new treatment regimen with permethrin in scabies. G Ital Dermatol Venereol 2016 Dec 16. 

Corresponding author e-mail

stefano.veraldi@unimi.it