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Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2020 February;155(1):76-87

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.19.06535-0

Copyright © 2019 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Cutaneous manifestations of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease

Ara CHO, Verena PAULITSCHKE, Ulrike JUST, Robert KNOBLER

Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria



Graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) is a commonly occurring immunological reaction and frequent complication following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Its highly diverse manifestations including skin involvement as the most common appearance of GvHD, can dramatically influence patient’s quality of life, in particular in the chronic stage, in addition to patient’s decreased survival outcome. Hence, the role of the dermatologist has become very crucial in an interdisciplinary setting, particularly since appearances of GvHD in the skin can be multifaceted and challenging. Clinical manifestation of the acute GvHD (aGvHD) is limited to erythematous maculopapular rash and oral mucosal lesions while the chronic form manifests in a wider range in a localized area or disseminated including involvement of nail, scalp and genital area. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview on the variable cutaneous presentations of acute and chronic GvHD for a proper and early diagnosis on the one hand, and to discuss updated therapeutic options for both acute and chronic GvHD on the other hand, to initiate an adequate treatment to obtain the most beneficial clinical outcome.


KEY WORDS: Graft vs. host disease; Stem cell transplantation; Homologous transplantation; Lichenoid eruptions

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