Home > Riviste > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia > Fascicoli precedenti > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3) > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3):299-304

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo

 

REVIEW  AUTOIMMUNE CUTANEOUS DISEASES AND PREGNANCY: MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT 

Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3):299-304

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.18.06212-0

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

The management of autoimmune diseases in preconception, pregnancy and lactation

Emanuele COZZANI, Margherita CIONI, Lodovica GARIAZZO , Martina BURLANDO, Aurora PARODI

Section of Dermatology, Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), San Martino Polyclinic Hospital, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy



Autoimmune skin diseases can occur in pregnancy, and the treatment is often required to control both maternal disease and fetal outcomes. Moreover, the control of mother’s diseases and fetal health is a challenge for dermatologists because of the teratogenic effects of many drugs. So it is important to know exactly which drugs can be administrated in the different stages of pregnancy. Authors reviewing the literature and relying on daily dermatological experience agree that during pregnancy effective drug treatment of autoimmune diseases is possible with reasonable safety for the fetus/child and lactation. During pregnancy and lactation patients with autoimmune disorders should be evaluated carefully, and the benefit-risk of continued therapy should be reassessed. The points to consider presented in this review show that, despite limitations, effective drug treatment of autoimmune diseases is possible with reasonable safety for the fetus/child during pregnancy and lactation. Prior to conception it is necessary to explain to the patients what the risks of pregnancy are. It is preferred to avoid a pregnancy in active disease and replace treatment with an allowed therapy. During pregnancy it is necessary to avoid treatment with mycophenolate mofetil, cyclophosphamide and methotrexate. In some very particular cases, as life saver drug, cyclosporine and rituximab can be used. Finally, some drugs can be used monitoring the patient, in particular, systemic corticosteroid at low dosage, dapsone, azathioprine, iloprost and sildenafil.


KEY WORDS: Autoimmune diseases; Preconception injuries; Pregnancy; Lactation

inizio pagina