Home > Riviste > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia > Fascicoli precedenti > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3) > Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3):277-85

ULTIMO FASCICOLO
 

JOURNAL TOOLS

eTOC
Per abbonarsi PROMO
Sottometti un articolo
Segnala alla tua biblioteca
 

ARTICLE TOOLS

Publication history
Estratti
Permessi
Per citare questo articolo

 

REVIEW  AUTOIMMUNE CUTANEOUS DISEASES AND PREGNANCY: MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT 

Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia 2019 June;154(3):277-85

DOI: 10.23736/S0392-0488.18.06152-7

Copyright © 2018 EDIZIONI MINERVA MEDICA

lingua: Inglese

Antiphospholipid syndrome and pregnancy

Rosanna SATTA , Gabriele BIONDI

Unit of Surgical, Microsurgical and Medical Sciences, Department of Dermatology, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy



Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune thrombophilic condition characterized by the onset of venous and/or arterial thrombosis, often multiple, and pregnancy morbidity in a background of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) positivity. Some patients can be carrier of aPL with no clinical symptoms, in other cases clinical manifestation can range from the classical presentation to an acute life-threatening condition named catastrophic APS. APS can be considered as primary or associated to other disease, however pregnancy acts as a triggering factor on a susceptible background that lead to the clinical manifestations through immunological and non-immunological mechanism. APS is characterized by thrombotic manifestation involving both venous and arterial vessels of different size, in any part of the body the clinical presentation can be extremely polymorphic. Livedo reticularis is the most common cutaneous finding, however it is not specific for APS and other cutaneous manifestation such as ulcers or purpura can be the only presentation of APS. Diagnosis is established by clinical and laboratory criteria. Counselling, pregnancy plan and monitoring during pregnancy is mandatory in APS patients. Treatment can be challenging, and it is mainly based on the use of anticoagulant and antiaggregant medications. A literature review on PubMed about APS and pregnancy was performed, and the significant information in conjunction with our clinical experience lead to the drafting of this paper. We present a review of APS and its management in pregnancy, with a special focus on the dermatological presentation and the role of the dermatologists in diagnosing and managing this potential life-threatening condition.


KEY WORDS: Antiphospholipid syndrome; Disease management; Pregnancy

inizio pagina